Green Wing Macaw





Range: Tropical South America

Habitat: Dense tropical forests

Natural Diet: Fruits and seeds

Diet at Rain Forest: Wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables supplemented with fresh seed mixture

Size: Females and males are very difficult to tell apart. (monomorphic) Both sexes are up to 30 inches long with tail feathers.

Rain Forest Facts: Also known as the Red and Green Macaw this large and colorful bird, is second only in size to the impressive hyacinth macaw. 

Credited with having one of the strongest jaw strengths of any of the parrot family, this bird has been recorded with a bite force of over 500 pounds per square inch, compare that to the German Shepard dog with a bite strength of 350 pounds and a human with a 125 pound bite force! 

These birds are monomorphic, simply meaning that zookeepers cannot tell the males from the females by any visible means.  The two sexes are identical from an external perspective, only a blood or DNA test will reveal the boys from the girls! 

Females generally lay up to 4 eggs per clutch, although 2-3 is more common.  After an incubation of 28 days the little parrots enter the world!  The eggs are generally laid into a hollow cavity in a dead palm or other tree species.  One of the largest problems this and other "cavity nester" birds have is the loss of natural habitat that has dead trees (or snags as they are known) still standing.   Lush tropical plantations may seem like a haven for birds but the reality is that once the forest has been removed and planted with crops, even tree crops, the lack of dead standing trees is a huge loss for this and other species that depend upon the cavities in dead trees to nest. 

Status in Wild: Numbers are declining due to over collection for both the illegal pet trade as well as loss of habitat.   Currently listed as Least Concern.




RainForest Adventures zoo, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee near Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge TN