Coatimundi

 

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Coati-whaties??   Coatimundi, or Coatis as they are often called, are unique creatures that are found in tropical, Central (including much of Mexico) and South America, in fact the White Nosed Coatimundi actually extends the northern part of its range into Southern Texas and Eastern Arizona.   

Four recognized subspecies of Coatimundi occur in a wide range of habitats. 

Displaying behavior somewhere between a raccoon and a monkey, the Coati is an intelligent creature who reaches an average weight of 12-22 pounds.  Males are considerably larger than females.

 Living in troops of up to 20 individuals, these animals forage primarily during the early evening and early morning hours, making them crepuscular!  The Coati spends most of the night hours nesting in trees.  There is no evidence of the Coati ever needing to hibernate. The warm climates the animal is found in provide reasonably warm winter weather.  The Coatimundi will curtail its activities during the heat of the day and will actually change its foraging times to reflect seasonal changes in the weather.

 

Range: The Coatimundi is found in tropical regions of South America, from Columbia and Venezuela, to Uruguay, northern parts of Argentina, and into Ecuador.

 They can be found on the eastern and western slopes of the Andes Mountains.  They also occur as far north as up to 2500 meters.  In the United States the Coati can be found from Eastern Arizona, to the Big Bend region of Texas, and extending as far south as the Gulf of Mexico to the east. 

 

Habitat: Forests and open Grasslands near water. Ring-tailed coatis primarily live in forested areas; deciduous, evergreen, cloud forest, riverine gallery forest, xeric, Chaco, cerrado, and dry scrub forest habitats. Due to human influence, coatis prefer secondary forests and forest edges. They are found up to 5,000 feet in elevation.  Fruit and vegetable production areas for human consumption are often raided by troops of Coati. 

Rain Forest Facts: One captive Coatimundi was reported to still be alive after 17 years and 8 months.  

In the wild, coatis only live for about 7 to 8 years. Disease and predation by large cats, (Jaguars and Ocelots) as well as large constricting snakes, such as Boa Constrictors and Anacondas, leads to a shorter life than in captivity.  Female Coatimundis give birth to 2-7 young once per year. 

Pregnant females will leave their group and construct a tree nest, where after a gestation period of 10-11 weeks, they give birth to a litter of 2-7 young.

When the babies are 5 weeks old, they will leave the nest, and together with their mother, they will join the group. They weigh 3.5-6.5 ounces at birth. They open their eyes after 11 days and are weaned at 4 months. The young Coatimundi will reach adult size at approximately 15 months. They are capable of reproducing at 2 years of age. 

Natural Diet: Omnivorous, the Coatimundi will eat virtually anything a Raccoon will eat!  The diet of the Coatimundi is assumed to be as varied as their habitat and seasonal availability of food within each habitat. 

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared feline diet with fresh fruits and monkey biscuits. Bananas are a favorite of our Coati's at Rainforest Adventures. Our zoo's raised coati's also enjoy eating cooked meat of virtually all types, including: beef, chicken, and pork. 

Size: 12-22 pounds, some size difference between sub species with males growing larger than females. The males in particular can have extremely large canine teeth.

 

 

 

 

Status in Wild:  Not Threatened, expatriated from certain parts of its range. Which includes parts of the Southern United States.  Numbers are stable in other parts of their range.

High Resolution Pictures Available

 

 

 

RainForest Adventures zoo, Smoky Mountains, Tennessee near Gatlinburg and Pigeon Forge TN